Kabir Das, Bharatiya itihaas ke ek mahatvapurn sant kavi the, jinke dohe aur pad aaj bhi logon ke dilon ko chhooti hain. Ve 15th shatabdi ke dauran Varanasi mein janme the aur unka jeevan adhyatmikta, samanata aur prem ki shikshaon se bhara pada tha. Kabir Das ne na sirf Hindu dharma ke bhakti andolan mein yogdan diya, balki unhone Islam dharm ke Sufi parampara ko bhi apnaya. Unka jeevan aur karya dharmik samarasta aur manavta ke sandesh ko badhava dene wala tha.

Prarambhik Jeevan aur Shiksha

Kabir Das ka janm lagbhag 1440 ke aas-paas Varanasi ke paas ek talab ke kinare hua tha. Kaha jata hai ki unhe ek vidhwa Muslim neera (julaha) mahila Neeru ne god le liya tha. Kabir Das ne apne jeevan ka adhikansh samay Varanasi mein bitaya aur vahan unhone Hindu aur Muslim dono dharmo ke dharmik granthon ka adhyayan kiya. Unki shiksha mein Ramanand Swami ka bhi mahatvapurn yogdan tha, jinhone Kabir Das ko apna shishya banaya.

Kavya aur Darshan

Kabir Das ne apne kavya mein samajik aur dharmik kuritiyon ke khilaf awaaz uthayi. Unke dohe aur pad aam aadmi ki bhasha mein likhe gaye the, jo aaj bhi logon ke beech lokpriya hain. Kabir Das ka darshan ‘Nirgun Bhakti’ par adharit tha, jismein ve Ishwar ko nirakar aur sarvavyapi maante the. Unka manna tha ki sachchi bhakti aur moksha ka marg dharmik aadiyan ya anushthanon mein nahi, balki prem, karuna aur samarpan mein hai.

Samajik Samrasta ka Sandesh

Kabir Das ne apne kavya dwara Hindu-Muslim ekta aur samajik samrasta ka sandesh diya. Unhone dharmik pakshpat aur andhvishwas ke khilaf likha aur sabhi manavon ke beech samanata aur bhaichare ka aahvaan kiya. Unka yeh sandesh aaj bhi samajik samrasta aur ekta ke liye prasangik hai.

Pramukh Rachnayein

Kabir Das ki pramukh rachnayein unke dohe, pad aur sakhi hain, jo ‘Kabir Bijak’, ‘Kabir Granthavali’, aur ‘Sakhi Granth’ jaise granthon mein sangrahit hain. In rachnaon mein unhone jeevan, mritu, Ishwar, bhakti, prem, aur samajik vyavastha par apne vichar vyakt kiye hain.

Nidhan

Kabir Das ka nidhan lagbhag 1518 AD mein hua. Unke nidhan ke baad bhi unka sandesh aur kavya logon ke beech prasangik bana hua hai. Kabir Das ke samadhi sthal aur mazaar dono Maghar mein sthit hain, jahan Hindu aur Muslim dono unki samadhi ko shraddha se dekhte hain.

Nishkarsh

Kabir Das ka jeevan aur kavya aaj bhi humein prem, samrasta aur manavta ki shiksha deta hai. Ve ek aise kavi the, jinhone dharmik bhedbhav ko mitane aur ek naye samajik vyavastha ki kalpana ki, jisme sabhi manav samaan hain. Kabir Das ke dohe aur pad aaj bhi logon ko prernit karte hain aur unhe jeewan ke sahi marg par chalne ki prerna dete hain. Kabir Das ke jeevan aur kavya se humein yeh sikhne ko milta hai ki sachcha dharm wahi hai jo manavta aur prem ki shiksha deta hai.

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