Mahatma Gandhi, jinke poore naam Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi the, Bharatiya swatantrata sangram ke ek mahan neta aur ‘Rashtrapita’ ke roop mein vishwa-prasiddh hain. Unka janm 2 October 1869 ko Gujarat ke Porbandar mein hua tha. Gandhi ji ne apne jeevan aur karyon se na sirf Bharat balki pure vishwa ko ahinsa aur satyagraha ke moolyon ka path padhaya. Unka jeevan darshan aur rajniti Bharatiya swatantrata sangram ko nai disha mein le gaya aur antatah Bharat ko 1947 mein aazadi dilane mein mahatvapurn bhumika nibhai.

Quick Info Table on Mahatma Gandhi

Vishay (Subject)Vivaran (Details)
Poora Naam (Full Name)Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Janm (Birth)2 October 1869, Porbandar, Gujarat
Mritu (Death)30 January 1948, New Delhi
Pramukh Siddhant (Key Principles)Ahinsa (Non-violence), Satyagraha (Truth and firmness)
Swatantrata Sangram mein Yogdan (Contribution in Freedom Struggle)Dandi March, Quit India Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement
Upadhi (Title)Mahatma, Rashtrapita
Shiksha (Education)Law at Inner Temple, London
Pramukh Rachnayein (Key Writings)‘My Experiments with Truth’, ‘Hind Swaraj’

Mahatma Gandhi: Jeevan Parichay

Gandhi ji ka shiksha jeevan London mein hua, jahan unhone Inner Temple se law ki padhai ki. Wapas Bharat aane ke baad, unhone rajkot mein vakalat shuru ki lekin jald hi unhe South Africa mein Indian community ki madad ke liye bulaya gaya. South Africa mein unhone naslvaad aur anyay ke khilaf sangharsh kiya, jahan unhone ‘Satyagraha’ ki avdharna ko viksit kiya.

Swatantrata Sangram mein Yogdan

Bharat wapasi ke baad, Gandhi ji ne Bharatiya swatantrata sangram ko ek nai disha di. Unhone ahinsa aur satyagraha ke siddhanton par adharit anek andolano ka netritva kiya, jismein Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement aur Dandi March shamil hain. Unka vishwas tha ki ahinsa ke marg se hi Bharat ko swatantrata mil sakti hai.

Ahinsa aur Satyagraha

Gandhi ji ke darshan ka mool aadhar ahinsa (non-violence) aur satyagraha (truth and firmness) par tha. Unhone samaj mein vyapt anyay, bhedbhav aur hinsa ke virudh ladai ladi lekin kabhi hinsa ka sahara nahi liya. Unka manna tha ki satya aur ahinsa ke marg se hi vishwa mein shanti aur samriddhi sthapit ki ja sakti hai.

FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi

Q1: Mahatma Gandhi ka janm kab hua tha?
A1: Mahatma Gandhi ka janm 2 October 1869 ko hua tha.

Q2: Gandhi ji ne apni shiksha kahan se prapt ki thi?
A2: Gandhi ji ne London ke Inner Temple se law ki shiksha prapt ki thi.

Q3: Gandhi ji ne ahinsa aur satyagraha ke siddhanton ka upyog kis liye kiya tha?
A3: Gandhi ji ne ahinsa aur satyagraha ke siddhanton ka upyog Bharatiya swatantrata sangram mein British Raj ke khilaf sangharsh karne ke liye kiya tha.

Q4: Gandhi ji ki mritu kab aur kaise hui?
A4: Gandhi ji ki mritu 30 January 1948 ko New Delhi mein ek hatyakand mein hui thi.

Q5: Gandhi ji ko kis upadhi se nawaza gaya tha?
A5: Gandhi ji ko ‘Mahatma’ aur ‘Rashtrapita’ jaise upadhiyon se nawaza gaya tha.

Nishkarsh

Mahatma Gandhi ka jeevan aur karya aaj bhi hum sabke liye prerna ka strot hai. Unke ahinsa aur satyagraha ke siddhanton ne na sirf Bharat ko aazadi dilai, balki vishwa bhar ke sangharshon mein ek nai soch ka sanchar kiya. Gandhi ji ka aastha ahinsa mein tha aur unka jeevan darshan aaj bhi humein sikhaata hai ki kisi bhi samasya ka samadhan shanti aur prem ke marg se kiya ja sakta hai. Unka vishwas tha ki manavta ke aadhar par hi ek behtar samaj ka nirmaan sambhav hai.

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