Tulsidas, ek mahaan kavi aur sant the, jinhone Hindi sahitya ko apne adbhut kavya ‘Ramcharitmanas’ ke madhyam se amar banaya. Unka janm lagbhag 16th sadi ke madhya mein, san 1532 AD mein, Rajapur (jo ab Uttar Pradesh mein hai) mein ek Brahmin parivaar mein hua tha. Tulsidas ji ko bachpan se hi Ram ke prati gahra anurag tha, jo unke jeevan aur krititva par gehra prabhav dala.

Vishay (Subject)Vivaran (Details)
Naam (Name)Tulsidas / Goswami Tulsidas
Janm (Birth)Lagbhag 1497-1532, Rajapur, Uttar Pradesh
Prasiddh Kriti (Famous Work)Ramcharitmanas
Bhasha (Language)Awadhi
Sahityik Yogdan (Literary Contribution)Ramcharitmanas, Hanuman Chalisa, anek dohe aur chaupaiyan
Adhyatmik Yatra (Spiritual Journey)Varanasi mein sthayi roop se bas gaye, Ram bhakti mein samarpit
Nidhan (Death)1623 AD, Assi Ghat, Varanasi
Mahatva (Significance)Bharatiya bhakti andolan aur sahitya mein mahatvapurn yogdan

Prarambhik Jeevan

Tulsidas ji ka bachpan atyant kathinaiyon se bhara tha. Unke janm ke samay hi unke mata-pita ka dehant ho gaya, aur ve apne parivaar se alag ho gaye. Kaha jata hai ki unka palan-poshan Atmaram Shukla ne kiya. Bachpan se hi Tulsidas ji ne adhyatmik jeevan ki or ruchi dikhayi aur Ramcharitmanas likhne se pehle ve kai anya granthon ka srijan bhi kiya.

Ramcharitmanas: Ek Anupam Kriti

Tulsidas ji ki sabse prasiddh rachna ‘Ramcharitmanas’ hai, jo Awadhi bhasha mein likhi gayi ek mahakavya hai. Is granth mein Bhagwan Ram ki katha ko bahut hi sundar aur bhaktibhav se prastut kiya gaya hai. ‘Ramcharitmanas’ ko Hindi sahitya ka ek shreshth granth mana jata hai aur yeh Bharat ke har hisse mein padha aur suna jata hai. Iske alava, Tulsidas ji ne ‘Hanuman Chalisa’, ‘Vinay Patrika’, aur ‘Dohavali’ jaise anek dharmik granthon ka bhi srijan kiya.

Adhyatmik Yatra aur Bhakti Andolan

Tulsidas ji ke jeevan ka ek bada hissa adhyatmik yatra mein bita, jahan ve Bharat ke anek sthalon ka bhraman karte huye bhakti sangeet, katha, aur upadesh dete rahe. Ve bhakti andolan ke pramukh hastakshar the, jo bhakti marg par chalne ke liye logo ko prerit karte rahe. Unka maanana tha ki Bhagwan Ram ke prati atoot bhakti hi jeevan ka sarvottam marg hai.

Nidhan

Tulsidas ji ka nidhan lagbhag 1623 AD mein hua, jiske baad bhi unka granth ‘Ramcharitmanas’ aaj tak lokpriya hai aur unhe samarpit mandir aur sthal Bharat bhar mein paaye jaate hain. Tulsidas ji ke jeevan aur krititva ne na keval Hindi sahitya ko samriddh kiya, balki unhone samaj mein adhyatmikta aur bhakti bhavna ko bhi majboot kiya.

Virasat

Tulsidas ji ki virasat aaj bhi Bharat ke sahityik aur dharmik jeevan mein jivant hai. ‘Ramcharitmanas’ har varsh Ram Navami aur Diwali jaise tyoharon par vishesh roop se padhi aur suni jati hai. Tulsidas ji ke jeevan aur karya ne samaj mein ek adhyatmik chetna ka srijan kiya, jo aaj bhi unke anuyayiyon aur bhakton ke dil mein jivant hai. Unka jeevan aur krititva aaj bhi hamen adhyatmikta, bhakti, aur nishkam karma ki prerna deta hai.

FAQs on Tulsidas

Q1: Tulsidas ka janm kab aur kahan hua tha?
A1: Tulsidas ka janm lagbhag 1497-1532 ke beech, Uttar Pradesh ke Rajapur gaon mein hua tha.

Q2: Tulsidas ki sabse prasiddh kriti kaun si hai?
A2: Tulsidas ki sabse prasiddh kriti ‘Ramcharitmanas’ hai, jo Awadhi bhasha mein likhi gayi ek mahakavya hai.

Q3: Tulsidas ne apni adhyatmik yatra ke dauran kaun se sthal ki yatra ki?
A3: Tulsidas ne apni adhyatmik yatra ke dauran anek teerth sthalon ki yatra ki aur ant mein Varanasi mein sthayi roop se bas gaye.

Q4: Tulsidas ne alava Ramcharitmanas ke aur kaun si rachnayein likhi hain?
A4: Tulsidas ne Ramcharitmanas ke alava ‘Hanuman Chalisa’, anek dohe, chaupaiyan, aur kavitayein bhi likhi hain.

Q5: Tulsidas ka nidhan kab aur kahan hua?
A5: Tulsidas ka nidhan 1623 AD mein Varanasi ke Assi Ghat par hua.

Q6: Tulsidas ka Bharatiya sahitya aur bhakti andolan mein kya mahatva hai?
A6: Tulsidas ka Bharatiya sahitya aur bhakti andolan mein atyant mahatvapurn yogdan hai, unki kritiyan aaj bhi bhakti aur adhyatmikta ke prerna strot hai.

Q7: Tulsidas ne apni kritiyon mein kaun si bhasha ka prayog kiya?
A7: Tulsidas ne apni kritiyon mein mukhyatah Awadhi bhasha ka prayog kiya.

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